Multiple Architectures

Supporting Multiple Architectures

Authors may decide to distribute their bundles for various architectures: x86_64, aarch64, ppc64le, s390x, etc, to accomodate the diversity of Kubernetes clusters and reach a larger number of potential users. Each architecture requires however compatible binaries.

Manifest lists

The most straightforward way of building operators and operands supporting multiple architectures is to leverage manifest lists, specified by Image Manifest V2, Schema 2 or OCI Image Index. A manifest list points to specific image manifests for one or more platforms.

For convenience tools like buildah allow to cross-build and manifest multi-arch containers on one host. For instance with buildah:

for a in amd64 arm64 ppc64le s390x; do \
  buildah bud --manifest registry/username/repo:v1 --arch $a; \
done

This creates the manifest list, builds each image and adds them to the manifest list.

The result can then be pushed to the desired registry.

buildah push registry/username/repo:v1

Docker with buildx provides similar capabilities.

docker buildx build --push --platform linux/amd64,linux/arm64,linux/ppc64le,linux/s390x --tag registry/username/repo:v1 .

See docker documentation for additional options.

Caveats: the Dockerfile generated by the SDK for the operator explicitely references GOARCH=amd64 for go build. This can be amended to GOARCH=$TARGETARCH. Docker will automatically set the environment variable to the value specified by –platform. With buildah –build-arg will need to be used for the purpose.

Caveats: When mirroring registries for disconnected installations (environments without internet connection) all the images referenced by a manifest list need to be copied, including images for architectures that may not be used in the environment.

Operator Lifecycle Manager

For operators distributed through the Operator Lifecycle Manager (OLM):

  • Bundle images are not architecture-specific. They contain only plaintext kubernetes manifests and operator metadata.
  • All image references in the ClusterServiceVersion should be manifest lists containing the pointers to the image manifests for the supported architectures.
  • Labels for OS and architectures can be set in the CSV. Please refer to the Operator Lifecycle Management Documentation for details.